Speak About:



Past to Present


Abilities - Responsibilities

Asking Questions

Choosing the Right Phrase

Combining Verbs

Explaining Ideas

Describing Your World

Complex Ideas

Relating Ideas, People, Objects

Speaking about Objects

Wondering about Situations

Relating Ideas in a Sentence


A clause contains both a subject and a verb. There are a variety of clause types.

I will make sure that she pays the credit by 9:00 tomorrow morning.

The expiration date, which was clearly posted, was cited in the lawsuit.

... those who do not qualify for a bonus share.

Independent Clause

An independent clause is a complete sentence when used alone. It contains the subject and the verb of a sentence. Independent clauses are also named 'main clauses'.


We are going to the shareholders' meeting.

Historically, bear market conditions last from 18 to 24 months.

Dependent Clause

A dependent clause is not a complete sentence and must be used together with an independent clause.


...which sold at the opening stock price for more than a week.

...who has received a bonus share sometime in the last five years.

Relative Clause

A relative clause modifies a noun or noun phrase and is dependent. Relative clauses provide additional information which identifies or describes a noun. Relative clauses are also referred to as adjective clauses.


As per your request, I am sending information on the houses that have been on the market for at least one month.

I will make sure that she pays the credit by 9:00 tomorrow morning.