Speak About:

Present

Past

Past to Present

Future

Abilities - Responsibilities

Asking Questions

Choosing the Right Phrase

Combining Verbs

Explaining Ideas

Describing Your World

Complex Ideas

Relating Ideas, People, Objects

Speaking about Objects

Wondering about Situations

Relating Ideas in a Sentence

Clauses

A clause contains both a subject and a verb. There are a variety of clause types.

The final instructions will be sent under separate cover.

As per your request, I am sending information on the houses that have been on the market for at least one month.

I will make sure that she pays the credit by 9:00 tomorrow morning.

Independent Clause

An independent clause is a complete sentence when used alone. It contains the subject and the verb of a sentence. Independent clauses are also named 'main clauses'.

Example:

The final instructions will be sent under separate cover.

Historically, bear market conditions last from 18 to 24 months.

Dependent Clause

A dependent clause is not a complete sentence and must be used together with an independent clause.

Example:

...which sold at the opening stock price for more than a week.

... those who do not qualify for a bonus share.

Relative Clause

A relative clause modifies a noun or noun phrase and is dependent. Relative clauses provide additional information which identifies or describes a noun. Relative clauses are also referred to as adjective clauses.

Example:

It was by due diligence that I passed the examination.

I will make sure that she pays the credit by 9:00 tomorrow morning.