Speak About:

Present

Past

Past to Present

Future

Abilities - Responsibilities

Asking Questions

Choosing the Right Phrase

Combining Verbs

Explaining Ideas

Describing Your World

Complex Ideas

Relating Ideas, People, Objects

Speaking about Objects

Wondering about Situations

What Will Happen?

Zero Conditional

Use the zero conditional if an action always occurs as the result of another action. The zero conditional is used to express conditions that are always true.

Example:

Bob checks his periodical report if it gets to his desk before lunch.

The loan is on consignment if the credit score is reported above 650.

The present simple is used in both the 'if' clause and the result clause.

'If' clause - present simple + , + result clause - present simple

Bob checks his periodical report if it gets to his desk before lunch.

The loan is on consignment if the credit score is reported above 650.

Do not use a comma, when placing the result clause first.

Managed liabilities aren't an acceptable risk if they can be avoided.

First Conditional

Use the first, or 'real', conditional if an action will occur if something happens. The first conditional is used when a result is realistically possible.

'If' clause - present simple + , + result clause - future with will

If the merger goes through, our company will be able to increase our product line.

We will discuss the periodical report if we have extra time.

Do not use a comma, when placing the result clause first.

The credit depart will object if other departments do not.

'Unless' is also used in the first conditional to mean 'if not'.

If he doesn't come soon, we won't go to lunch = Unless he comes, we won't go to lunch.

Use of 'May' and 'Might' in the First Conditional

When a future result is not certain based on a condition, use 'may' or 'might'.

'If' clause - present simple + , + result clause - 'may / might' + verb

We might see a good return on investment if the market continues to improve.

We will discuss the periodical report if we have extra time.