Helping Hints for the Present
Auxiliary Verbs Used with Present Tenses
Knowledge of auxiliary verbs used in various tenses is the key to correct tense conjugation. Here is a review of auxiliary verbs used in present tenses:
Use 'do / does' in questions and negative statements to express a routine or habitual action. Use no auxiliary verb in the positive form.
The futures market doesn't open for operations on federal holidays.
At what point do you acknowledge receipt of the package?
The savings bank usually sends checks out on Tuesday.
Hari works as an asset manager in that firm.
Use 'am / is / are' in the present tense for the positive, negative and question forms in the present continuous tense to express something that is happening at the current moment, or around the present moment in time.
My credit score is gradually improving day by day.
The fiscal year reports are being reviewed at the moment.
Present Simple Passive:
Use the verb 'am / is / are' in the present for positive, negative and question in the present simple passive to express a present passive operation. Remember that the passive takes the participle form of the principal verb.
Has the document been approved by the title company?
Our business consultant isn't consulted for advice very often.
Use 'have / has' in the present for the positive, negative and question forms for the present perfect tense to express something that has happened up to the present moment in time, or something which has occurred at an unspecified moment in the past.
We haven't managed to secure a loan for our overhead costs yet..
The warehouse hasn't been used for months.
Present Perfect Continuous:
Use the verb 'have been / has been' in the present perfect for the positive, negative and question forms for the present perfect tense to express the duration of something that has been happening up to the present moment in time.
How long has the telephone company been issuing a combined statement?
Our personnel costs have been declining for the entire year.