The future perfect expresses what will have occurred up to a specific point of time in the future.
Subject + will + have + participle form of verb + (object(s))He will have finished writing his cyberpunk novel by the time the deadline arrives.
Subject + will + not + have + participle form of verb + (object(s))Steve won't have defragged the laptop by six o'clock.
(Question Word) + will + subject + have + participle form of verb?How much data will they have lost by this time next year?
Jung will have logged off the system by tomorrow morning.
Bill will have debugged the program by tonight.
How much data will they have lost by this time next year?
They will have eliminated the lag by the time they upgrade the system.
Examples of What Will Have Happened
Time expressions: 'By' and 'By the ..'
It is important to express the point in time in the future by when something will have happened with the future perfect. Here are the two most common time expressions used with the future perfect form:
By + date or time
… by 2003.
…by the end of next week.
By the time + clause
…by the time we finish this class
…by the time you receive this letter