Helping Hints for the Present
Auxiliary Verbs Used with Present Tenses
Knowledge of auxiliary verbs used in various tenses is the key to correct tense conjugation. Here is a review of auxiliary verbs used in present tenses:
Use 'do / does' in questions and negative statements to express a routine or habitual action. Use no auxiliary verb in the positive form.
The Senator doesn't pursue corporate accountability to the community unless he's pressured by his constituents.
How often do you calculate your expenditures?
Workplace standards usually slip over time.
The Executive Committee usually meets on Tuesdays at seven o'clock.
Use 'am / is / are' in the present tense for the positive, negative and question forms in the present continuous tense to express something that is happening at the current moment, or around the present moment in time.
Scalia isn't paying attention to his own conflict of interest, but is instead enjoying the duck hunt."
The consulting team is being briefed by management.
Present Simple Passive:
Use the verb 'am / is / are' in the present for positive, negative and question in the present simple passive to express a present passive operation. Remember that the passive takes the participle form of the principal verb.
That database isn't mined very often.
The world court is rejected by the US despite the US commitment to human rights and US concern about crimes against humanity.
Use 'have / has' in the present for the positive, negative and question forms for the present perfect tense to express something that has happened up to the present moment in time, or something which has occurred at an unspecified moment in the past.
Have we won the good stewardship prize yet?
The watchdog agency has been awarded the Civic Achievement Award twice.
Present Perfect Continuous:
Use the verb 'have been / has been' in the present perfect for the positive, negative and question forms for the present perfect tense to express the duration of something that has been happening up to the present moment in time.
I've been researching this vehicle since ten o'clock this morning.
How long have we approached this problem as an issue of empowerment?